Stun guns and TASERs are useful self defense weapons that can be used to disarm an attacker or deter them from committing an act of violence. They are inexpensive, reusable, and can be carried in a purse or pocket.
However, not all stun guns are created equal. Some claim to be powerful but are actually weak due to their low voltage and amperage.
Voltage is how stun guns are often marketed, but it isn’t the only factor. Stun guns need much less than a million volts to produce the pain and muscle contraction that can incapacitate a target.
A 2011 National Institute of Justice report reports that people “reported pain on average at 0.5 microcoulombs, and intolerable pain at 1.0 microcoulombs (mC).”
The true measure of a stun gun’s strength is charge which is measured in coulombs or microcoulombs. Just 1 uC is enough to cause intolerable pain and according to the National Institute of Justice, between 0.5-1.0 uC can effectively deter an attacker.
While there have been reports of death following external shocks, this has been rare. These reports are generally related to drug use or risk factors such as alcohol and heart disease.
One of the most common questions when it comes to stun guns is how powerful they are. The answer to that question depends a lot on the device’s amps and voltage, which are determined by how long the stun gun can deliver current at a high enough voltage.
Stun guns use a pair of electrodes to create an electric circuit that shocks the target. The stun gun can be used at close range (as with a cattle prod), or it can be fired from a distance up to 34 feet, as with Tasers.
The strength of a stun gun is determined by how much current it can deliver at a high enough voltage over a long enough time to create pain. For this reason, it’s important to look for a stun gun with a battery that can last a long time.
Stun guns can range in size from small and easy to conceal to large and bulky. It’s up to you to decide which one works best for you and your needs.
For example, if you’re petite and want to keep your hands free, consider a stun gun that fits in your hand or on a keychain. You can also find covert models that look like everyday objects, such as a cell phone or lipstick.
Choosing the right size for you depends on how much space you have to store it, whether you’ll use it frequently, and how comfortable it feels in your hands. You should also consider your lifestyle and habits.
For example, if you’re a frequent flyer, you’ll need to be sure that your stun gun is compact enough to fit in your carry-on bag. And if you’re a runner, you’ll probably need to attach it to a belt or strap so that you can run quickly.
Concealability is a big deal, and it’s an important consideration when selecting which stun gun to carry. The gun should be lightweight but concealable without sacrificing the performance you need to keep your attacker at bay.
For example, a shorter barrel makes the gun easier to conceal, but it may not be as comfortable as a longer one. In addition, the shortest barrel may be less effective at dispersing a powerful blast of electricity.
We evaluated a number of factors, including anticipated stigma, centrality and salience, and the aforementioned cultural and external measures. In the words of the researchers, “the results provide a useful framework for examining how intraindividual and external factors may be associated with greater psychological distress and illness symptoms among people who live with concealable stigmatized identities.” It also has an impressive display of trinkets.